Automotive electronics PCB PCBA cleaning method, cleaning process, PCBA cleaning machine, flux cleaning (1)_副本

SMT small company survival magic weapon! Multi frequency, small batch,flexibility

SMT (Surface Mount Technology), or surface mount technology, is one of the most popular technologies and processes in the electronics assembly industry. In the Pearl River Delta represented by Shenzhen, the electronics and information industry is developed and the industry chain is complete. It is a veritable factory in the world.

Automotive electronics PCB PCBA cleaning method, cleaning process, PCBA cleaning machine, flux cleaning (1)_副本

As the market environment changes and technology changes, in order to meet the increasingly personalized needs of end customers, manufacturers are constantly improving their products, constantly innovating according to market needs, and developing trendy styles and functions to adapt to the current market demand. In order to be able to quickly respond to market diversified and uncertain needs and quickly provide products that meet customer needs, “short, flat, and fast” has become an important feature of production sites during this period, on time, quality, quantity and at a minimum cost Manufacturing products that meet customer needs has become the goal of production management, but progress is seemingly more and more difficult due to resource constraints such as limited skilled personnel and tight equipment. In this case, SMT production is now in a state of small batches and multiple varieties. Because of the inherent production characteristics of the SMT production line, it uses the best production efficiency in large batches. Therefore, for small batches and multiple varieties, there are multiple line changes to complete the production conversion of the product. The SMT line is in an intermittent production state. The increase has caused problems in the production efficiency of the SMT line.

One
Benefits of small batches and multiple varieties

1.Improve adaptability to changes in demand
Small batch, single piece delivery
Reduce job preparation time
Multi-skilled employees
In-process quality assurance system
Generalization of equipment and tooling

  1. Make manufacturing issues and their weaknesses visible
    Quality failure
    Equipment failure
    Workload imbalance
    Turnover time
  2. Eliminate waste caused by improper production management and reduce production management costs
    Material waiting due to improper production management
    Unnecessary model changes due to improper production management
    Increase in indirect operations due to improper production management

4.Improve the adaptability of manufacturing to short delivery time
Eliminate stagnation (things / information)
Reduce the number of intermediate work in process
Synchronization

two
Characteristics of small batches and multiple varieties

Multi-variety parallel

Because many enterprises’ products are configured for customers, different products have different needs, and the resources of enterprises are among multiple varieties.

Resource sharing
Every task in the production process requires resources, but the resources that can be used in the actual process are very limited. For example, the problem of equipment conflicts often encountered in the production process is caused by the sharing of project resources. Therefore, limited resources must be properly allocated to meet project needs.

  1. Uncertainty of order result and production cycle
    Due to the instability of customer needs, the clearly defined nodes are inconsistent with the complete cycle of human, machine, material, method, ring, etc., the production cycle is often uncertain, and projects with insufficient cycles require more resources. , Increasing the difficulty of production control.
  • Material requirements change, resulting in serious procurement delays
    Due to the insertion or change of orders, it is difficult for external processing and procurement to reflect the order delivery time. Supply risks are extremely high due to small quantities and a single source of supply.

  • three
    Difficulties in small batch and multi-variety production

    1. Dynamic process path planning and deployment of virtual unit lines: emergency insertion, equipment failure, and bottleneck drift.
    2. Identification and drift of bottlenecks: before and during production
    3. Multi-level bottlenecks: bottlenecks on assembly lines, bottlenecks on virtual lines of parts, how to coordinate and couple.
    4. Buffer size: either backlog or poor interference resistance. Production batch, transfer batch, etc.
    5. Production scheduling: not only consider bottlenecks, but also the impact of non-bottleneck resources.

    Many varieties and small batch production models will also encounter many problems in enterprise practice, such as:
    Multi-variety and low-batch production, mixed scheduling is difficult
    Unable to deliver on time, too much “fire fighting” overtime
    Order requires too much follow-up
    Frequent changes in production priorities, the original plan could not be implemented
    Increasing inventory but often lacking critical materials
    The production cycle is too long, the lead time is infinitely expanded

    ▎How to implement automatic upgrade has become a trouble for OEM companies

    The electronic information industry is still a pillar industry in Shenzhen, with an industrial scale of more than 1.200 billion yuan, accounting for about 1/7 of the national electronic information manufacturing revenue. In Shenzhen, there are a large number of leading electronic information companies such as Huawei, ZTE, and TCL, as well as a large number of small-scale lean manufacturing and processing enterprises that were born in response to the needs of the times.

    Due to the production characteristics of traditional foundry companies, “different bills of materials for each order, different production processes, different cleaning standards, different packaging requirements, and different labeling specifications”, unlike large factories that do standard products, they can be automated on a large scale upgrade.

    How to use industrial robots, advanced automation management platforms, and information technology to help these enterprises achieve flexible production and agile manufacturing are the topics they care about in common.

    Under the pressure, many traditional OEM companies have begun to transform to ODM (Original Design Manufacturer), and gradually pay attention to independent intellectual property rights, start to make innovative products, and start to develop independent brands.

    ▎ Machine substitution may be a “beautiful trap”, how to realize flexible production is the key

    China’s Industry 4.0, like an aircraft carrier, propels China forward. For these small and small batch OEM companies, after experiencing the “prosperity era” brought by the demographic dividend, they are also thinking about how to take the road of independent innovation.

    Perhaps many OEM companies rely on the channel advantages accumulated over many years of operation and the natural industrial chain advantages of the Pearl River Delta. But the demographic dividend is no longer, the cost advantage is no longer, and the rise and penetration of the Internet has also led to major changes in production methods, management concepts, production equipment, and even raw materials. These factors have begun to cause some entrepreneurs to worry about the future.

    “Without the independent innovation of Chinese companies, we can only be a world factory. Without trial and error and iteration of research and development, we will never have our own core technology.”

    How to innovate? Is machine substitution really the general trend?

    For these manufacturers, there may be pitfalls in purely pursuing “machine substitution” oriented by automated equipment, mass production, and reduced manufacturing costs. Because for them, the key to “machine substitution” is how to implement software flexibility, agile programming, or automatic programming, just like “quick mode change” in TPS (transaction processing system).

    affordable PCB assembly auto insertion equipment auto insertion machines seller automatic pcb soldering machine electronic manufacturing services company electronic manufacturing services company high-value PCB assembly odd form component insertion machine PCB assembly line supplier pcb board handling systems pcb handling equipment pcb soldering machine price reflow soldering manufacturing SMT equipment best manufacturer smt feeder parts smt machine manufacturers smt machine suppliers smt pcb assembly services smt pick and place machine manufacturing

    How to 5S SMT pick and place machine in Smart EMS factory

    The Scrap Tape Cutter is designed to cut off scrap of reel tape (8mm~44mm )and
    collect them in a dump box for ease of disposal.

     

    Do not put objects other than reel tape in the cutter unit.

    Use caution with long hair and when wearing loose clothing

    near the cutter unit.

    Unplug the unit when performing maintenance of the

    machine.

    Do not operate the machine near flammable gas.

    Do not open/disassemble the cutter unit while the machine

    is operating

    .

    Follow all safety labels on the cutter unit.

     

    Automotive electronics PCB PCBA cleaning method, cleaning process, PCBA cleaning machine, flux cleaning

    How to distinguish between PCBA board cleaning and non-washing in automotive electronics?

    How to distinguish between PCBA board cleaning and non-washing in automotive electronics?

    Edited by Ming: ming@smthelp.com

    Customers often do not understand why automotive electronics PCBA boards need to be cleaned reliably. Which electronic PCBAs need cleaning before use? Which ones don’t have to be cleaned? It is also difficult to distinguish and judge. The purpose of this article is to analyze the necessary reliability cleaning of automotive electronics PCBA, hoping to help customers and readers.

    Automotive electronics PCB PCBA cleaning method, cleaning process, PCBA cleaning machine, flux cleaning
    Automotive electronics PCB PCBA cleaning method, cleaning process, PCBA cleaning machine, flux cleaning
    Automotive electronics PCB PCBA cleaning method, cleaning process, PCBA cleaning machine, flux cleaning
    Automotive electronics PCB PCBA cleaning method, cleaning process, PCBA cleaning machine, flux cleaning

    In order to realize the control of driving and clock functions in the car, various types of electronic circuit boards are used to realize various control functions: engine driving management system or engine driving computer ECU, and new energy vehicles have more circuit boards, each of which is on average. The car has a circuit area of ​​1.5 square meters and more than 100 electronic circuit boards. These types are in electronic circuit boards that implement various functions. What needs cleaning? Which do not have to be cleaned?

    Automotive electronics PCB PCBA cleaning method, cleaning process, PCBA cleaning machine, flux cleaning
    Automotive electronics PCB PCBA cleaning method, cleaning process, PCBA cleaning machine, flux cleaning

    The function control panel of the car electronics is cleaned and not cleaned, and is often distinguished from the driver’s personal safety, the safety of the driving scene and the safety of the property. The function control related to the safety of the car and the personal safety of the third party is required. Do the cleaning to achieve high reliability technical requirements: for example, the engine management system ECU circuit board, the new energy vehicle power management system BMS circuit board and so on.

    Automotive electronics PCB PCBA cleaning method, cleaning process, PCBA cleaning machine, flux cleaning
    Automotive electronics PCB PCBA cleaning method, cleaning process, PCBA cleaning machine, flux cleaning

    The car also has other management systems, lighting control systems, navigation, music playback entertainment systems, door and window control and glass lift, seat functions and other auxiliary functions, because the density of these systems and human life safety is not too great, Often such electronic circuit boards can be made from no-clean, thereby reducing cost and meeting performance requirements.

    Automotive electronics PCB PCBA cleaning method, cleaning process, PCBA cleaning machine, flux cleaning (1)_副本
    Automotive electronics PCB PCBA cleaning method, cleaning process, PCBA cleaning machine, flux cleaning

    Driving circuit ECU, new energy vehicle BMS power management system process circuit board process cleaning, cleaning circuit board surface residue, removing flux, solder paste residue and residual effects of other pollutants in the process, truly reach the circuit The surface of the board assembly is clean, and the degree of ionic contamination is used as an indicator to measure the cleanliness of the board surface. This is the technical indicator that can truly achieve reliability guarantee. It can greatly improve the safety and reliability of the circuit board assembly products, and avoid unnecessary risks caused by the electrochemical corrosion of the circuit board and the defects caused by electromigration caused by poor working conditions, humidity and high temperature.

    In summary, all component processes that are closely related to life safety and driving safety must be reliably cleaned. It is currently recommended to use an environmentally safe water-based cleaning process.

    SMTHELP :SMT Professional Manufacturer PCB Cleaning Machine
    The product is suitable for use in automotive electronics, smart home products, communications electronics, consumer electronic product manufacturing process, to improve product reliability and to remove foreign bodies and electrostatic PCB surface
    PCB cleaner,nozzle cleaning machine,PCB Stencil cleaning machine, PCBA cleaning machine,Fixture cleaning machine,Printer Cleaning Machine,pneumatic Stencil cleaning machine,fully pneumatic washing machine Manufacturer

    https://www.smthelp.com/pcb-cleaning-machine/

    https://www.smthelp.com/scm5600d-pcba-cleaning-machine/

    PCBA CLEANING MACHINE SCM5600D (2)
    PCBA CLEANING MACHINE SCM5600D (2
    PCBA cleaning method, cleaning process, PCBA cleaning machine, flux cleaning (1)

    Circuit board, PCBA cleaning is really important for EMS (Electronic Manufacturing Service)?

    Circuit board, PCBA cleaning, is it really important for EMS (Electronic Manufacturing Service)?

    Edited by Ming: ming@smthelp.com

    “Cleaning” is often overlooked during board (PCB) PCBA manufacturing and is considered to be not a critical step. However, with the long-term use of the product on the client side, the problems caused by the ineffective cleaning in the early stage caused many failures, and the rework or recall of the product caused a sharp increase in operating costs. Below, SMTHELP briefly explains the role of PCBA cleaning of circuit boards (circuit boards).

    PCBA cleaning method, cleaning process, PCBA cleaning machine, flux cleaning (1)
    PCBA cleaning method, cleaning process, PCBA cleaning machine, flux cleaning (1)

    PC BA (Printed Circuit Assembly) has a number of process stages in the production process, each stage is contaminated to varying degrees, so the surface of the PCBA of the circuit board (circuit board) is left with various deposits or impurities, which will lower the product. Performance, and even cause product failure. For example, in the process of soldering electronic components, solder paste, flux, etc. are used for auxiliary soldering, and residues are generated after soldering, and the residue contains organic acids and ions, etc., in which organic acids corrode the circuit board (circuit board) PCBA, and The presence of electrical ions can cause short circuits and cause product failure.

    PCBA cleaning method, cleaning process, PCBA cleaning machine, flux cleaning (1)
    PCBA cleaning method, cleaning process, PCBA cleaning machine, flux cleaning (1)

    There are many kinds of contaminants on PCB (PCB) PCBA, which can be classified into two types: ionic and non-ionic. The ionic pollutants are exposed to moisture in the environment, and electrochemical migration occurs after energization, forming a dendritic structure, resulting in a low resistance path and destroying the PCBA function of the circuit board (circuit board). Non-ionic contaminants can penetrate the insulating layer of PC B and grow dendrites under the surface of the PCB. In addition to ionic and non-ionic contaminants, there are also particulate contaminants such as solder balls, floating spots in solder baths, dust, dust, etc. These contaminants can lead to reduced solder joint quality, sharp solder joints during soldering, and Porosity, short circuit and many other undesirable phenomena.

     

    With so many pollutants, which ones are the most concerned? Fluxes or solder pastes are commonly used in reflow and wave soldering processes. They are mainly composed of solvents, wetting agents, resins, corrosion inhibitors and activators. Thermally modified products must be present after soldering. In all the pollutants, the post-weld residue is the most important factor affecting the quality of the product. The ionic residue tends to cause electromigration to reduce the insulation resistance, and the rosin resin residue is easy to adsorb. Dust or impurities cause an increase in contact resistance, and in severe cases, open circuit failure, so strict cleaning must be performed after welding to ensure the quality of PCBA of the circuit board (circuit board).

    PCBA cleaning method, cleaning process, PCBA cleaning machine, flux cleaning (1)
    PCBA cleaning method, cleaning process, PCBA cleaning machine, flux cleaning (1)

    In summary, the cleaning of the circuit board (PCB) PCBA is very important, and “cleaning” is an important process that is directly related to the quality of the PCB (circuit board) PCBA, which is indispensable.

    PCBA cleaning method, cleaning process, PCBA cleaning machine, flux cleaning (1)
    PCBA cleaning method, cleaning process, PCBA cleaning machine, flux cleaning (1)

    Circuit board, PCBA cleaning is really important, for EMS (Electronic Manufacturing Service)?

    SMTHELP :SMT Professional Manufacturer PCB Cleaning Machine
    The product is suitable for use in automotive electronics, smart home products, communications electronics, consumer electronic product manufacturing process, to improve product reliability and to remove foreign bodies and electrostatic PCB surface
    PCB cleaner,nozzle cleaning machine,PCB Stencil cleaning machine, PCBA cleaning machine,Fixture cleaning machine,Printer Cleaning Machine,pneumatic Stencil cleaning machine,fully pneumatic washing machine Manufacturer

    https://www.smthelp.com/pcb-cleaning-machine/

    https://www.smthelp.com/scm5600d-pcba-cleaning-machine/

    PCBA CLEANING MACHINE SCM5600D (2)
    PCBA CLEANING MACHINE SCM5600D (2
    PCBA cleaning method, cleaning process, PCBA cleaning machine, flux cleaning (1)

    After the PCBA is cleaned, the board surface turns white, what should we do?

    After the circuit board is cleaned, the board surface turns white, what should we do?

    Edited by Ming: ming@smthelp.com

    First, the board surface is whitish after cleaning:

    In the electronic component manufacturing process, the PCBA circuit board is often over-wave soldered, and after the manual cleaning agent is used for cleaning, the board surface appears white (Figure 1).

    PCBA cleaning method, cleaning process, PCBA cleaning machine, flux cleaning (1)
    PCBA cleaning method, cleaning process, PCBA cleaning machine, flux cleaning (1)
    Figure 1
    After the cleaning of the PCBA solder joints, the white surface of the board surface appears after being placed, and the white mark is scattered around the solder joints, which seriously affects the appearance acceptance.

    Second, the reason for the whitish surface of the board after cleaning:

    White residue is a common contaminant on PCBA and is generally a by-product of flux. Common white residues are polymerized rosin, unreacted activator, and lead metal chloride or bromide, which react with flux and solder. These substances expand in volume after moisture absorption, and some substances also hydrate with water. White residue is becoming more and more obvious. It is extremely difficult to remove these residues on the PCB. If the temperature is too hot or high, the problem is more serious. The infrared spectroscopy analysis of the rosin and residue on the PCB surface before and after the soldering process confirms the process. .

    PCBA cleaning method, cleaning process, PCBA cleaning machine, flux cleaning (1)
    PCBA cleaning method, cleaning process, PCBA cleaning machine, flux cleaning (1)

    Regardless of whether the board has white residue after cleaning, or if the white material appears after the no-clean circuit board is stored, or the white substance on the solder joint found during the repair, there are four cases:

    1. Rosin in the flux: Most of the white matter produced after the cleaning is not clean, stored, and the solder joint fails, is the inherent rosin in the flux. Rosin is usually a transparent, hard and brittle solid material with no fixed shape, not a crystal. Rosin is thermodynamically unstable and has a tendency to crystallize. After the rosin crystallizes, the colorless transparent body becomes a white powder. If the cleaning is not clean, the white residue may be a crystalline powder formed by the rosin after the solvent is volatilized.

    When the PCB is stored under high humidity conditions, when the absorbed moisture reaches a certain level, the rosin gradually changes from a colorless and transparent glass state to a crystalline state, and a white powder is formed from a viewing angle.

    PCBA cleaning method, cleaning process, PCBA cleaning machine, flux cleaning (1)
    PCBA cleaning method, cleaning process, PCBA cleaning machine, flux cleaning (1)

    The essence is still rosin, but the shape is different, still has good insulation, and will not affect the performance of the board. The abietic acid and halide (if used) in the rosin are used together as an active agent. Synthetic resins generally do not react with metal oxides below 100 ° C, but react rapidly when the temperature is higher than 100 ° C. They volatilize and decompose faster, and have low solubility in water.

    1. Rosin denature: This is the substance produced by the reaction of rosin and flux during the welding process, and the solubility of this material is generally poor, it is not easy to be cleaned, and it stays on the board to form a white residue. But these white substances are all organic, still guarantee the reliability of the board.
    2. Organometallic salt: The principle of removing the oxide of the welding surface is that the organic acid reacts with the metal oxide to form a metal salt soluble in liquid rosin. After cooling, it forms a solid solution with the rosin, and is removed together with the rosin in the cleaning.

    If the welding surface and parts are highly oxidized, the concentration of the product after welding will be high. When the degree of oxidation of the rosin is too high, it may remain on the board together with the undissolved rosin oxide. At this time, the reliability of the board will be reduced.

    1. Metallic inorganic salts: These may be metal oxides in solders and halogen-containing active agents in flux or solder paste, halide ions in PCB pads, halide ion residues in the surface coating of components, halogen-containing materials in FR4 materials. The substance formed by the reaction of the halide ion released at a high temperature generally has a small solubility in an organic solvent.
    PCBA cleaning method, cleaning process, PCBA cleaning machine, flux cleaning (1)
    PCBA cleaning method, cleaning process, PCBA cleaning machine, flux cleaning (1)

    In the assembly process, it is highly probable that the halogen-containing flux is used for the electronic auxiliary materials (although the supplier provides environmentally friendly flux, but the halogen-free flux is still relatively small), and the surface of the board remains after welding. Halogen-based ions (F, Cl, Br, l). These ionic halogen residues, which are not themselves white, are not sufficient to cause whitening of the surface. These substances form strong acids when exposed to water or moisture. These strong acids begin to react with the oxide layer on the surface of the solder joints to form acid salts, which are white substances that are seen.

    Third, after the circuit board is cleaned, the board surface is whitened:

    1, the general solution:

    1. Washing method Note: When washing the PCB, the PCBA should be tilted. Do not lay it flat. You can place the paper in the washing station, so that most of the washed solution will flow down;
  • Do not wash the plate repeatedly for repeated times, and increase the frequency of replacement depending on the situation;
  • 3, and then start from the washing water formula, you can ask the supplier to improve the formula, improve the cleaning degree and dissolution volatility.

    1. How to completely solve the problem of whitening of the board after cleaning the circuit board?

    For the whitening problem of PCBA circuit board cleaning, water-based cleaning agent can be used to meet the corresponding cleaning equipment to deal with it. It is safe and environmentally friendly, meets the requirements of current ROHS, CE, and other environmental protection regulations. It has high cleaning efficiency and completely solves the problem of whitening.

    SMTHELP :SMT Professional Manufacturer PCB Cleaning Machine
    The product is suitable for use in automotive electronics, smart home products, communications electronics, consumer electronic product manufacturing process, to improve product reliability and to remove foreign bodies and electrostatic PCB surface
    PCB cleaner,nozzle cleaning machine,PCB Stencil cleaning machine, Printer Cleaning Machine,pneumatic Stencil cleaning machine,fully pneumatic washing machine Manufacturer

    https://www.smthelp.com/pcb-cleaning-machine/

    https://www.smthelp.com/scm5600d-pcba-cleaning-machine/

    PCBA CLEANING MACHINE SCM5600D (2)
    PCBA CLEANING MACHINE SCM5600D (2)

    How to layout EMS smart SMT production line for Industrial 4.0

    Main content of lean factory design
    The traditional way of plant layout begins with equipment and tooling, and finally considers the flow of processes. Unlike traditional factory layouts, lean factory design layout begins with the customer and then designs the process flow around the workforce.
    Lean factory design should comprehensively apply the knowledge of lean production ideas, system engineering, enterprise management, etc., and use parallel technology, information technology and other means to determine the factory design plan that meets the requirements of lean production concept. The main design contents are as follows:

    (1) Production line layout based on lean thinking
    The design of the best production line must be independent of the current legacy workflow and should reduce or eliminate large amounts of moving time for products and materials. According to the assembly requirements, placing the part loading process on the assembly point where the material of the production line is consumed will reduce the movement and waiting time.

    (2) Lean logistics system design
    According to the lean production point of view, logistics is not a value-added link. Therefore, the goal of lean logistics system design is to minimize the logistics and strive to minimize the waste in the logistics process while meeting the production requirements. To break the limitations of the profession, try to set up and no intermediate inventory area, and completely follow the process flow layout. All ideas that minimize the amount of movement and optimize the flow of the product should be tested. Ultimately, a practical and appropriate approach should be taken to finalize the production line in order to maximize the benefits of the production process. .

    (3) Lean selection and arrangement of equipment
    It is necessary to fully consider the relationship between the various production links, and on the basis of realizing the capacity requirements, try to achieve a balanced production capacity and reflect the idea of ​​lean flow. At the same time, the choice of equipment is not based on the most advanced standards, but the small size, low investment, flexibility and other indicators are put in the first place, in order to meet the needs of flexible production in the future.

    (4) Lean staffing
    Traditional factories use the “scheduled system” staffing, but this method increases the cost of the enterprise and reduces the response speed of the enterprise under the multi-variety and small-batch production methods. Lean factory design, it is recommended to use the least staff to achieve the same production needs, through the training of employees, so that it has a variety of skills, so that with the change in production, flexible arrangements for operators.

    (5) Lean selection of auxiliary equipment
    Although the fixtures and tools required for production assistance are not resource equipment, they must be considered for lean production. It must be designed to accommodate the movement of the required materials, such as the passage of the automatic loading and unloading trucks and large material containers. It is necessary to design the station to be more compact, but at the same time, the operator should be considered to be as ergonomic as possible.

    In addition, the design of the lean factory should also include the planning of the public facilities of the factory, the design of the information system, etc., and should be carried out according to the specific needs of the factory and the actual situation of the enterprise.
    The goal of lean plant design is to minimize waste and overload in the work process while enhancing visual communication on site.

     

     

     

    An Analysis of SMT Solder Paste Printing Defects

    An Analysis of SMT Solder Paste Printing Defects

    In SMT PCB production, solder paste printing is a critical step. Since the solder paste is used to directly form the soldering joint, the quality of solder paste printing affects the performance and reliability of the surface mount assembly. Quality solder paste printing guarantees a quality solder joint and final product. Statistics demonstrate that 60% to 90% of soldering defects are related to solder paste printing defects. So it is very important to understand what causes defects in solder paste printing.
    ItemFactorsAnalysis1Solder PastePowder formationThe irregular shape of solder powder will easily clog stencil apertures. This will cause a big slump after printing. It can also cause solder ball and short bridge defects after reflow.

    A spherical shape is best, especially for fine-pitch QFP printing.Particle SizeIf the particle size is too small, the results will be poor paste adhesion. It will have a high oxygen content and cause a solder ball after reflow.

    The particle size should be controlled to about 25 ~ 45 μm in order to meet the requirements for fine-pitch QFP soldering, If the partical size desired is 25 to 30 μm, it should applied with less than 20 μm solder paste for an ultra fine-pitch IC.FluxFlux contains a thixotropic agent, which allows the solder paste to have pseudoplastic flow characteristics. Since the viscosity decreases when the paste passes through the stencil apertures, the paste can be applied to the PCB pads rapidly. When the external force stops, the viscosity will recover to ensure no deformation occurs.

    The flux in the solder paste should be controlled to between 8 and 15 percent. A lower flux content will result in excess amount of solder paste applied. Conversely, a high flux content will result in an insufficient amount of solder applied.2StencilThicknessA stencil that is too thick will cause a solder bridge short.

    A stencil that is too thin will cause an insufficient solder to be applied.Aperture sizeWhen the stencil aperature size is too big, a solder bridge short can occur.

    When the stencil aperature size is too small, and insufficient solder paste will be applied.Aperture shapeIt is best to use a circular-shaped stencil aperture design. Its size should be slightly smaller than the PCB pad size, preventing a bridging defect during reflow.3Printing parametersBlade Angle Speed & PressureThe blade angle affects the vertical force applied on the solder paste. If the angle is too small, the solder paste will not be squeezed into the stencil apertures. The best blade angle should be set around 45 to 60 degrees.

    A higher the printing speed means that less time will be spent in applying the solder paste through the stencil aperture surface. A higher printing speed will cause insufficient solder to be applied.

    The speed should be controlled to around 20 ~ 40 mm/s.

    When the blade pressure is too small, it will prevent the solder paste from being cleanly applied to the stencil.

    When the blade pressure is too high, it will result in more paste leakage. The blade pressure is typically set at about 5N ~ 15N / 25mm.4Printing process controlPCB moistureIf the PCB moisture is too high, the water under the solder paste will quickly evaporate, causing the solder to splash and creating solder balls.

    Dry the PCB if it was fabricated over 6 months ago. The recommended drying temperature is 125 degrees for 4 hours.Paste storageIf the solder paste is applied without a temperature recovery period, the water vapour in the surrounding environment will condense and penetrate the solder paste; this will cause the solder to splash.

    Solder paste should be stored in a refrigerator at 0 to 5 degrees.Two to fours hours before use, place the paste in a normal temperature environment.

     

     

    SMT Solder Paste printer Squeegee improving solution

     

    principle of PANASONIC-MV2V(C-F-B) component recognition (1)

    An article to let you know the principle of PANASONIC-MV2V(C/F/B) component recognition

    An article to let you know the principle of PANASONIC-MV2V(C/F/B) component recognition.

    Edited by ming Gan, please contact ming@smthelp.com for more information.

    principle of PANASONIC-MV2V(C-F-B) component recognition (1)
    principle of PANASONIC-MV2V(C-F-B) component recognition (1)
    principle of PANASONIC-MV2V(C-F-B) component recognition (2)
    principle of PANASONIC-MV2V(C-F-B) component recognition (2)
    principle of PANASONIC-MV2V(C-F-B) component recognition (3)
    principle of PANASONIC-MV2V(C-F-B) component recognition (3)
    principle of PANASONIC-MV2V(C-F-B) component recognition (4)
    principle of PANASONIC-MV2V(C-F-B) component recognition (4)
    principle of PANASONIC-MV2V(C-F-B) component recognition (5)
    principle of PANASONIC-MV2V(C-F-B) component recognition (5)

    1 program composition
    1) NC PROGRAM: Z-axis components are placed at X, Y positions at θ angle
    2) PCB PROGRAM: substrate length, width, thickness and PIN spacing
    3) ARRAY PROGRAM: Z specified components
    4) PART LIBRARY: Component Information
    5) MARK LIBRARY: tag information
    2 NC PROGRAM
    1) File name: P [0-9, A-Z, +, -,.] 2) X, Y coordinates
    3) Z No: ZA+ZB, K TYPE and Q TYPE, in single and double FEEDER at 8mm width
    The difference between K TYPE and Q TYPE: * PIN, no PIN
    * PITCH: K-21.5mm Q-20mm
    * ORG: FULL is 1, K-Z1, Q-Z2 when HALF
    FEEDER: HALF must be used when mixing single and double
    Z No: Single input K TYPE: Product number, Q TYPE: Even
    4) θ angle: θ1, θ2 two, θ3 origin return
    Θ1:0° 90° 180° 270°
    Θ2: [set angle – θ1] + correction angle Reverse time is –
    5) S&R: STEP REPEAT, PATTERN REPEAT
    On time is +
    6) NO MOUNTING: 0-normal patch, 1-non-patch
    7) SKIP BLOCK: 0 – unconditional execution, 1 to 9 – conditional jump, 7 – unconditional jump
    8) MARK: 0 – no MARK, 1 – individual MARK, 2-PCB MARK, 3-PATTERN MARK
    9) LAND TEACHING: 0-NO, 1-LAND TEACHING [Recommended for the second leg of each side] 10) BAD MARK: 0-NO, 1-BAD MARK [SENSOR] 2-BAD MARK [PCB CAMERA] 11) PROGRAM OFFSET: X=, Y=, move the first point of the patch to the camera center
    The machine automatically finds PROGRAM OFFSET
    12) Z ORG is normally 1 and Z No can be set
    * NC PROGRAM sequence
    S&R->BAD MARK->MARK/PROGRAM->ROGRAM OFFSET->MARK
    3 ARRAY PROGRAM
    1) File name: P [0-9, A-Z, +, -,.] 2) Z No: Fixed cannot be changed
    3) SHAPE CODE: shape coding [machine] 4) PARTS NAME: component name [person] 5) VACUUM OFFSET: NOZZLE↑ +, NOZZLE↓ – [-3~3mm] 6) MASTER Z No.: master, slave Z axis
    4 PCB PROGRAM
    1) File name: P [0-9, A-Z, +, -,.] 2) X: PCB length
    3) Y: PCB width
    4) T: PCB thickness [NO USED] 5) Whether the PIN is used: 0-not used, 1-automatic adjustment
    6) Hole spacing: X-10
    7) Conveyor speed: 1[H]~8[L] speed, X, Y table speed when fully automatic control
    5 MARK LIBRARY
    1) SHAPE CODE: shape coding,
    X, Y: MARK size
    PCB material: 0-copper foil, 1-solder
    PATTERN: shape
    TYPE: 0-shade, 1-binarization
    6 PARTS LIBRARY
    1) Shape coding: SHAPE CODE [, 0-9, A-Z, +, -,.] 2) Component type CLASS: 1 to 99 [1 to 19 transmission recognition, 20 to 99 reflection recognition] Reflection recognition: blue light is absorbed on the orange reflector, and the surface of the component is reflected [Figure A] By recognizing: the white light of the halogen lamp shines on the orange reflector, and the reflector reflects the light.
    Depending on the component, the edge of the component is reflected to the camera [Figure B] * High reflection recognition accuracy, high passability through recognition, LED off when used
    * For identification θ: CHIP angular deviation > 35° NG, QFP angular deviation > 25° NG
    TYPE: For component color, normal condition is 1 [black best] 3) SHUTTER [Shutter]: 0-on, 1-in [Generally open] Closed left and right to ensure component identification [Figure D] 4) Component dimensions SIZE: up, down, left, right
    Hand-drawn tape to see the reverse side of the component is the same as the camera [Figure C] 5) Component thickness THICKNESS: T-component body thickness
    6) Thickness tolerance TOL: T<1 is 20% T≥1 is 15%
    7) HEAD SPEED: 1[H]~8[L] X, Y TABLE SPEED: 1[H]~8[L] 8) NOZZLE SELECT: 1~5
    9) CAMERA: 0-S, 1-L
    10) Component feed direction FEED DIRECTION: 0 to 7, 45° interval
    11) Packing method: 0-PAPER [including 32mmPEELING] 1-EMBOSS 2-BULK
    12) PUSHPIN: 0-NO USE 1-USE only for 8mm bandwidth
    13) Number of feeds FEED COUNT: 1~4 spacing 12mm
    14) Auxiliary feed: NO USE
    15) Component error correction RECOVERY: 0-NO, 1-YES, 2- large parts are sucking
    16) CHIP STAND: 0-NO, 1-YES
    [Components stand up, thickness sensor is detected, LINE SENSOR application] 17) VACUUM OFFSET: absorbing, for components [-3mm~+3mm] 18) LEAD OUT SIZE: Up/Down Left/Right
    19) LEAD PITCH: leg spacing
    20) LEAD PITCH TOL: tube leg tolerance
    21) LEAD COUNT: Up/Down Left/Right Legs
    22) Electrode part ELECTROD: The length direction of the element is the length direction of the electrode [Fig. E] The width direction of the component is the width direction of the electrode
    23) CUT LEAD: cut tube legs SIDE: 1~4, there are cut legs on the side
    COUNT: Cut off: POSTION: Position [Figure F]

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    3, Know more our team: https://www.linkedin.com/in/specialist/

    4, Welcome to our factory in Shenzhen China

    5, See more video in Youtube: Auto+Insertion

    4, Looking for more informations: ming@smthelp.com

    5.Wechat/Whatsapp/skype:+86 18126316729

    How AOI to help SMT product quality

    Automated optical inspection machine (AOI) is a new type of testing technology. It has
    developed very rapidly in recent years. The structure of AOI consists of four parts: workbench, CCD camera system, electromechanical control and system software. When testing, firstly, the circuit board to be tested is placed on the workbench of the AOI machine, and the detection
    procedure of the product to be detected is called out through positioning. The X/Y workbench
    will send the circuit board under the lens according to the command of the setting program. With the help of the special light source, the lens will capture the image required by the AOI system and analyze it, then the processor will move the lens toward the lens. The next position is
    collected for the next image and then analyzed, and the image is subjected to continuous
    analysis and processing to obtain a higher detection speed. The process of AOI image
    processing essentially digitizes the extracted image, and then compares it with the pre-stored “standard”. After analysis and judgment, it finds the defect to make a position prompt, and at the same time generates image text, and the operator further confirms or sends the repair station. Overhaul

    AOI machine S-AO600C.

    Please call me to chat:

    How to remove the misprinted solder paste on the PCB surface?

    How to remove the misprinted solder paste on the PCB surface?

    Prepared by Ming

    ming@smthelp.com
    This article describes that paying attention to some details can often prevent common problems in assembly processes and equipment selection.

    Question: Can I use a small spatula to remove misprinted solder paste from the board? Will this get the solder paste and small tin beads into the holes and small gaps?

    Answer: Using a small spatula to remove the solder paste from the misprinted board may cause some problems. It is generally practicable to immerse the misprinted board in a compatible solvent, such as water with an additive, and then remove the small tin beads from the board with a soft brush. I prefer to soak and wash repeatedly instead of violent dry brush or shovel. After the solder paste is printed, the longer the operator waits to clean the misprint, the harder it is to remove the solder paste. Misprinted boards should be placed in the soaking solvent immediately after the problem is discovered, as the solder paste is easily removed before it is dried.

    Avoid wiping with a strip of cloth to prevent solder paste and other contaminants from smearing on the surface of the board. After soaking, brushing with a gentle spray can often help remove unwanted tins. It is also recommended to dry with hot air. If a horizontal stencil cleaner is used, the side to be cleaned should face down to allow the solder paste to fall off the board.

    As usual, note that some details can eliminate undesirable conditions, such as misprinting of the solder paste and removal of the solder paste from the board. It is our goal to deposit the right amount of solder paste at the desired location. Stained tools, dry solder paste, and misalignment of the stencils and plates can cause undesirable solder paste on the underside of the stencil or even the assembly. During the printing process, the template is wiped with a certain pattern between printing cycles. Ensure that the template is seated on the pad, not on the solder mask, to ensure a clean solder paste printing process. On-line, real-time solder paste inspection and inspection prior to reflow after component placement are process steps that reduce process defects prior to soldering.

    For fine-pitch stencils, if damage is caused between pins due to thin stencil cross-section bending, it can cause solder paste to deposit between the pins, causing printing defects and/or short circuits. Low viscosity solder paste can also cause printing defects. For example, high operating temperatures or high blade speeds can reduce the stickiness of the solder paste during use, resulting in printing defects and bridging due to excessive solder paste deposition.

    In general, the lack of adequate control of materials, solder paste deposition methods and equipment are the main causes of defects in the reflow soldering process.

    Question: What type of assembly board depaneling equipment provides the best results?

    Answer: There are several sub-board systems that offer a variety of techniques for slab assembly boards. As a rule, there are many factors that should be considered when selecting such a device. Regardless of whether there is routing, sawing or blanking to separate individual panels from the composite panel, stable support during the splitting process is the most important factor. Without support, the resulting stress can damage the substrate and solder joints. Distorting the plate, or stressing the assembly during the splitting, can result in hidden or significant defects. While sawing often provides minimal clearance, shearing or die cutting with tools can provide cleaner, more controlled results.

    In order to avoid component damage, many assemblers attempt to maintain component solder joints at least 5.08 mm from the edge of the board when the splitter is required. Sensitive ceramic capacitors or diodes may require extra care and consideration.

    1,Please visit : www.smthelp.com

    2, Find us more: https://www.facebook.com/autoinsertion

    3, Know more our team: https://www.linkedin.com/in/ming-gan118/

    4, Welcome to our factory in Shenzhen China

    5, See more video in Youtube: Auto+Insertion

    6, Looking for more informations: ming@smthelp.com

    7.Wechat/Whatsapp/skype:+86 18126316729

    Related connections:

    1. 3 minutes to complete a SMT stencil cleaning, improving the quality of your electronic products:S-1688 stencil-cleaning-machine

    https://www.smthelp.com/product/pneumatic-stencil-cleaner-machine-s-1688

    2.How to produce SMT high quality products? (for aviation, aerospace, medical products)pcba-cleaning-machine:

    https://www.smthelp.com/product/pcba-cleaning-machine

    PCBA CLEANING MACHINE SCM5600D

     

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